Irregular verbs

English course: List of irregular verbs

Find a complete list of irregular verbs in English, perfect for 9th grade and high school courses.

In most cases, in English, verbs are conjugated in the past tense with the addition of "ed", this is what we call regular verbs. However, some verbs do not obey these rules, they are called irregular verbs. It is therefore necessary to learn and know them if you want to express yourself on past actions.

The list of irregular verbs gives for each verb, its infinitive (verbal base), its preterite (simple past tense, most often used when speaking in the past tense), its past participle (used in present perfect and the past perfect) and a translation.

English: List of irregular verbs

English: What is the infinitive?

The infinitivewhich is also called the verbal baseis the unconjugated form of the verb. The verbal base is written with "to" before the verb (example : "to go"(e.g., go), except for modal verbs (can, could, may, might, should, shall, might, may, will, would et must).

English: What is preterite?

The preterite tense, also called the past simple tense, is the tense that is used in English when we talk about an action that took place in the past and is over. It is the tense most often used when we speak in the past tense in English.

In the case of regular verbswhich represent the majority of verbs, the preterite is obtained by adding "ed" at the end of the verb (example : "to play" in the indicative tense is conjugated "I played" in the preterite tense). However, the verbs irregular do not follow this rule of conjugation. That's why you have to learn them in order to use them.

English: What is the past participle?

In English, the past participle allows to form the present perfect (example: "I have loved") and the past perfect (example: "I had loved"). These two past tenses are said to be compound, i.e. they are made up of two parts.

English: More information on irregular verbs

If you want to know more about irregular verbs in English, I invite you to consult this WikiPedia page which goes into more detail. In particular about groups (strong verbs, weak verbs and abnormal cases), coincidence of forms or prefixed forms.

You can also find more educational and practical tools on the tools page of wpRock.